What Defines Latino Literature? | Arts & Culture | Smithsonian

 

latino literature

Literature is a very important subject in all Spanish schools, and this site is a guide to the evolution of Spanish literature across the centuries. Best Spanish Books El Cantar del Mio Cid, which tells the story of the legendary hero Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar. the latin library. Dec 04,  · Latin American literature refers to written and oral works created by authors in parts of North America, South America, and the Caribbean. Latin American authors usually write in Spanish, Portuguese, English, or a language native to their specific country.


Latin literature - Wikipedia


Latin literature includes the essays, histories, poems, plays, and other writings written in the Latin language. The beginning of Latin literature dates to BC, when the first stage play was performed in Rome. Latin literature would flourish for the next six centuries. Latin was the language of the ancient Romans, but it was also the lingua franca of Western Europe throughout the Middle Agesso Latin literature includes not only Latino literature authors like CiceroVergilOvid and Horacebut also includes European writers after the fall of the Empire, from religious writers like Aquinas —to secular writers like Francis Bacon —Baruch Spinoza —and Isaac Newton — Naevius's dramas were mainly reworkings of Greek originals, but he also created tragedies based on Roman myths and history.

Other epic poets followed Naevius. Quintus Ennius wrote a historical epic, the Annals soon after BCdescribing Roman history from the founding of Rome to his own time. He also became famous for his tragic dramas. In this field, his most distinguished successors were Marcus Pacuvius and Lucius Accius, latino literature. These three writers rarely used episodes from Roman history.

Instead, they wrote Latin versions of tragic themes that the Greeks had already handled. But even when they copied the Greeks, they did not translate slavishly. Only fragments of their plays have survived. Considerably more is known about early Latin comedy, as 26 Early Latin comedies are extant — 20 of which Plautus wrote, and the remaining six of which Latino literature wrote.

But they treated the plots and wording of the originals freely. Plautus scattered songs through his plays and increased the humor with puns and wisecracks, plus comic actions by the actors.

Terence's plays were more polite in tone, dealing with domestic situations. His works provided the chief inspiration for French and English comedies of the 17th century AD, and even for modern American comedy. Cato also wrote the first Latin history of Rome and of other Italian cities.

Early Latin literature ended with Gaius Luciliuswho created a new kind of poetry in his 30 books of Satires 2nd century BC, latino literature.

He wrote in an latino literature, conversational tone about books, food, latino literature, and current events. Traditionally, the height of Latin literature has been assigned to the period from 81 BC to AD 17, although recent scholarship has questioned the assumptions that privileged the works of this period over both earlier and later works.

Cicero has traditionally latino literature considered the master of Latin prose. Cicero's many works can be divided into four groups: 1 letters, 2 rhetorical treatises, 3 philosophical works, and 4 orations. His letters provide detailed information about an important period in Roman history and offer a vivid picture of the public and private life latino literature the Roman governing class.

Cicero's works on oratory are our most valuable Latin sources for ancient theories on education latino literature rhetoric. His philosophical works were the basis of moral philosophy during the Middle Ages.

His speeches inspired many European political latino literature and the founders of the United States. Julius Caesar and Sallust were outstanding historical writers of Cicero's time. Caesar wrote commentaries on the Gallic and civil wars in a straightforward style to justify his actions as a general. Sallust adopted an abrupt, latino literature, pointed style in his historical works, latino literature.

He wrote brilliant descriptions of people and their motives. The birth of lyric poetry in Latin occurred during the same period. The short love lyrics of Catullus are noted for their emotional intensity, latino literature. Catullus also wrote poems that attacked his enemies. In his longer poems, he suggested images in rich, delicate language. Contemporary with Catullus, latino literature, Lucretius expounded the Epicurean philosophy in a long poem, De rerum natura.

One of the most learned writers of the period was Marcus Terentius Varro. Called "the most learned of the Romans" by Quintillianlatino literature, [7] he wrote about a remarkable variety of subjects, from religion to poetry. But only his writings on agriculture and the Latin language are extant in their complete form.

The emperor Augustus took a personal interest in the literary works produced during his years of power from 27 BC latino literature AD This period is latino literature called the Augustan Age of Latin Literature. Virgil published his pastoral Ecloguesthe Georgicsand the Aeneidan epic poem describing the events that led to the creation of Rome.

Latino literature told how the Trojan hero Aeneas became the ancestor of the Roman people. Virgil also provided divine justification for Roman rule over the world. Although Virgil died before he could put the finishing touches on his poem, it was soon recognized as the greatest work of Latin literature. The perfection of the Odes in content, form, and style has charmed readers for latino literature of years.

The Satires and Epistles discuss ethical and literary problems in an latino literature, witty manner. Horace's Art of Poetryprobably published as a separate work, greatly influenced later poetic theories. It stated the basic rules of classical writing as the Romans understood and used them, latino literature. After Virgil died, Horace was Rome's leading poet, latino literature.

The Latin elegy reached its highest development in the works of TibullusPropertiusand Ovid. Most of this poetry is concerned with love, latino literature. Ovid also wrote the Fastiwhich describes Roman festivals and their legendary origins.

Ovid's greatest work, the Metamorphoses weaves various myths into a fast-paced, fascinating story. Ovid was a witty writer who excelled in creating lively and passionate characters. The Metamorphoses was the best-known source of Greek and Roman mythology throughout the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. It inspired many poets, painters, latino literature, and composers. In prose, Livy produced latino literature history of the Roman people in books, latino literature.

Only 35 survived, but they are a major source of information on Rome. From the death of Augustus in AD 14 until aboutRoman authors emphasized style and tried new and startling ways of expression, latino literature. During the reign of Nero from 54 to 68, the Stoic philosopher Seneca wrote a number of dialogues and letters on such moral themes as mercy and generosity.

In his Natural QuestionsSeneca analyzed earthquakes, floods, and storms. Seneca's tragedies greatly influenced the growth of tragic drama in Europe. His nephew Lucan wrote the Pharsalia about 60an epic poem describing the civil war between Caesar and Pompey.

The Satyricon about 60 by Petronius was the first picaresque Latin novel. It describes the adventures of various low-class characters in absurd, extravagant, and dangerous situations, often in the world of petty crime. At the hands of Martialthe epigram achieved the stinging latino literature still associated with it.

Juvenal brilliantly satirized vice. The historian Tacitus painted an unforgettably dark picture of the early empire in his Histories and Annalsboth written in the early 2nd century, latino literature. His contemporary Suetonius wrote biographies of the 12 Roman rulers from Julius Latino literature through Domitian, latino literature.

The letters of Pliny the Younger described Roman life of the period. Quintilian composed the most complete work on ancient education that we possess.

Important works from the 2nd century include the Attic Nights of Aulus Gelliusa collection of anecdotes and reports of literary discussions among his friends; and the letters of the orator Marcus Cornelius Fronto to Marcus Aurelius.

This novel concerns a young man who is accidentally changed into a donkey. Latino literature story is latino literature with colorful tales of love and witchcraft.

Pagan Latin literature showed a final burst of vitality in the late 3rd century through 5th centuries. Ammianus Marcellinus in history, Quintus Aurelius Symmachus in oratory, and Ausonius and Rutilius Claudius Namatianus in poetry all wrote with great talent. The Mosella by Ausonius demonstrated a modernism of feeling that indicates the end of classical literature as such.

At the same time, other men laid the foundations of Christian Latin literature during the 4th century and 5th century, latino literature. They included the church fathers Augustine of Hippolatino literature, Jeromeand Ambroselatino literature, and the first latino literature Christian poet, Prudentius.

During the Renaissance there was a return to the Latin of Classical times, called for this reason Neo-Latin, latino literature. This purified language continued to be used as the lingua franca among the learned throughout Europe, with the great works of DescartesFrancis Baconand Baruch Spinoza all being composed in Latin, latino literature. Among the last important books written primarily in Latin prose were the works of Swedenborg d, latino literature. Several of the leading English poets wrote in Latin as well as English.

Some indeed wrote chiefly in Latin and were valued for the elegance and Classicism of their style. Examples of these were Anthony Alsop and Vincent Bournewho were noted for the ingenious way that they adapted their verse to describing details of life in the 18th century while never departing from the purity of Latin diction, latino literature.

Much Latin writing reflects the Romans' interest in rhetoric, latino literature art of speaking and persuading. Public speaking had great importance for educated Romans because most of them wanted successful political careers, latino literature.

When Rome was a republiceffective speaking often determined who would be elected or what bills would pass. After Rome became an empirelatino literature, the ability to impress and persuade people by the spoken word lost much of its importance. But training in rhetoric continued to flourish and to affect styles of writing. A large part of rhetoric consists of the ability to present a familiar idea in a striking new manner that attracts attention.

Latin authors became masters of this art of variety. Latin is a highly inflected language, with many grammatical forms for various words. As a result, it can be used with a pithiness and brevity unknown in English. It also lends itself to elaboration, latino literature, because its tight syntax holds even the longest and most complex sentence together as a logical unit, latino literature. Latin can be used with striking conciseness, latino literature, as in the works of Sallust and Tacitus.

Or it can have wide, sweeping phrases, as in the works of Livy and the speeches of Cicero.

 

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latino literature

 

Spanish literature, the body of literary works produced in Spain. Such works fall into three major language divisions: Castilian, Catalan, and Galician. Such works fall into three major language divisions: Castilian, Catalan, and Galician. the latin library. Dec 02,  · Latino literature has now consolidated its presence. It is clear that it is here to stay and that it is pushing the limits of its own conditions, with novelists of all sorts reaching beyond what I would described as Latinidad— or what it means to be Latino in the United voliogdasa.gq: Chloe Schama.